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7月17日GRE阅读机经真题分享

2019-04-14| 来源:互联网| 查看:193

摘要:在出国留学之前,许多同学都需要通过划定的留学测验才气够申请留学,佳构进修网出国频道为各人分享 7月17日GRE阅读机经真题 的内容,一起来看看吧。 长文章 长文章1: 来自精讲

在出国留学之前,许多同学都需要通过划定的留学测验才气够申请留学,佳构进修网出国频道为各人分享7月17日GRE阅读机经真题的内容,一起来看看吧。

长文章

长文章1:来自精讲简练B教材Mock Test 5 Section 1

阅读汗青与阅读小说》4道题 (在原教材的基本上增加了一道题目)

文章大意:

十八世纪晚期英国文学的权威们好像认为对比于小说而言,女性应该去喜欢汗青而非小说,因为阅读汗青被认为是有长处的,这一点可以从Hanway的一部小说中看出,小说女主人公喜欢读汗青,所以各人就以为她比她不喜欢读汗青的妹妹更有美德、更智慧。在简奥斯丁的另一部小说里也浮现了这一点,一个脚色不喜欢汗青,而另一个更智慧、成熟的脚色则喜欢汗青。然而,这两个例子中对汗青的赞扬其实是双刃剑。简奥斯丁小说里的谁人脚色之所以不喜欢读汗青,是因为她不喜欢布满了男性、而险些没有女性的汗青书,这浮现了从女权主义角度对汗青的一种品评。而Hanway在其小说中给主人公对汗青的阅读带来了政治上的争议,把谁人时代最富有争议的两个宗教猜疑这列为本身最喜欢的汗青作者(Hume和Gibbons)。固然Hume写的汗青不如他的哲学那么引起人们的争议,在Hanway的谁人时代也有着遍及的对付Hume作为一个汗青作家的道德上的猜疑,而Gibbons对付古典异教的支持从他关于罗马的汗青呈现的第一天就引起了争议。

题目1:The author’s primary purpose is that

参考谜底:a particular issue is more complex than it might appear

题目2: The highlighted sentence exemplifies which of the following?

(Readers of Marry Ann Hanw ay’s novel Andrew Stewart, or the Northern Wanderer, learning that its heroine delights in David Hume’s and Edward Gibbon’s histories, could conclude that she was more virtuous and intelligent than her sister, who disdains such reading.)

参考谜底:An instance in which a particular judgment about the value of reading history is apparently presupposed

题目3:作者支持以下哪项下面关于Hume的说法( 这道是教材中没有的题目)

对应文章原句:Hume’s history was generally seen as being less objectionable than his philosophy

题目4:The author mentions the “widespread doubts” in order to

参考谜底:illustrate a point about a way eighteenth-century fiction sometimes represented historians

长文章2:来自精讲简练B教材Mock Test 10 Section1

《山体滑坡》3道题

越来越多的证据表白山体滑坡的频率和强度活着界许多处所都在产生变革,作为对气候变革的一种回应。这不是一件奇怪的工作,思量到降雨是山体滑坡的两大外界诱因之一,另一个是地动勾当。已往的证据明晰地表白,山体滑坡勾当活泼的周期后紧接着不活泼的周期,这些变革与气候的变革在差异的时间标准上都是相关的。

而最近的山体滑坡与之前的差异之处在于最近的滑坡很有大概是人类造成的,要么是单独浸染,要么是与气候因素配合浸染,而进一步地改变了山体滑坡的进程和生态系统对之的相应。在这些因素中,丛林砍伐和地皮用途的改变有本领改变山体滑坡的频率和强度,因为它们可以或许直接影响植被的特性,而植被可以或许影响山坡的不变性。山体的生态系统可以或许在多洪流平上遭受这种变革,即在产生变革之前山体可以或许接收几多这样的影响,今朝还不清楚。研究这个问题对恒久的群山掩护长短常重要的。

题目1:The author of the passage cites “evidence from the past” in order to

参考谜底:support a partial explanation

题目2:The passage makes which of the following claims?

参考谜底:Decreases in landsliding activity have historically been accompanied by changes in climate.

题目3:The author of the passage suggests which of the following about the role of human factors in landsliding activity? (多选题)

参考谜底:Human factors can intensify or alter the effects of climate change on landsliding activity. 与 Until recently, human factors did not have much impact on landsliding activity.

随笔章:

《入侵物种》2道题

一个很有影响力的之前的概念认为,一个生态系统包括了仅可以或许为有限数量的物种所利用的生态位(niches), 物种之间对付资源的竞争,不管是当地物种之间的竞争照旧包括了入侵物种,抉择了一个物种的乐成与否。然而,除了竞争以外的一些其他因素凡是可以或许表明入侵物种的乐成。好比,美国灰松鼠常常被作为一个很经典的在竞争方面有优势的乐成的入侵物种,于1876年被引入英国,此刻种群数量许多,而本来的当地物种红松鼠数量则淘汰了。固然科学家们发明,灰松鼠在觅食方面比红松鼠效率更高,他们也留意到纵然在灰松鼠被引入之前,英国的红松鼠的数量就已经有一个周期性的趋势在淘汰以至于灭尽,尔厥后被从头引入。别的,许多灰松鼠身上携带着对付灰松鼠致命的疾病。

题目1. It can be inferred that the author of the passage mentions the efficiency with which gray squirrels

forage primarily in order to

A. identify a factor that explains a certain phenomenon

B. call attention to an inconsistency in a particular theory

C. suggest that competition cannot be the factor responsible for a particular outcome

D. acknowledge a fact that appears to support a view that the author intends to qualify

E. cite evidence that is not consistent with an early influential view about species competition

参考谜底: D

2. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the “early view?”

A. It reflects a mistaken assumption about the means by which nonnative species are introduced into ecosystems.

B. Its basic premise is shown to be valid by the effect of American gray squirrels on Britain’s red squirrel population.

C. It presents a simplistic picture of the means by which species composition within ecosystems is determined.

D. It can effectively explain the formation of ecosystems that contain few species but cannot adequately account for the formation of complex ecosystems.

E. It understates the importance of competition as a factor determining species composition within ecosystems.

参考谜底: C

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