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牡丹江中考英语温习向导资料:非谓语动词

2017-10-28| 来源:互联网| 查看:205

摘要:摘要内容 中考是九年义务教诲的终端显示与成就展示,中考是一次选拔性测验,其竞争较为剧烈。为了更有效地辅佐学生梳理学过的常识,提高温习质量和效率,在中考中取得抱负的

摘要内容    中考是九年义务教诲的终端显示与成就展示,中考是一次选拔性测验,其竞争较为剧烈。为了更有效地辅佐学生梳理学过的常识,提高温习质量和效率,在中考中取得抱负的后果,下文为各人筹备了中考英语温习向导资料

动词不定式可作主语、表语、宾语、定语、状语和宾语补足语。

1.作主语。不定式作主语往往用形式主语it取代,作为句子真正主语的不定式则后置。常用句型:It?is 加形容词加(for/of) sombody.to do something.。如:

It?is nice of you to take pictures for us. 你真好,给我们拍照。

2.作表语。常放于系动词be之后。如:

To see is to believe. 目睹为实。(百闻不如一见。)

3.作宾语。常见的后头接动词不定式作宾语的动词有:

would like/want to do

想要做like to do

喜欢做……agree to do

同意做……hope/wish to do

但愿做……decide to do

抉择做……try to do

极力做……begin/start to do

开始做……expect to do

期望做……refuse to do

拒绝做……afford to do

有本领做……learn to do

进修做……plan to do

打算做……prefer to do

更喜欢做……continue to do

继承做……promise to do

理睬做……如:I would like to have a cup of tea.我想喝一杯茶。

4.作定语。动词不定式作定语时,要置于被修饰的名词之后,作后置定语。如:

I am not free now. I have lots of things to do. 我此刻没有空。我有许多事要做。

5.作状语。如:

Paul is too excited to say anything. 保罗感动得说不出话来了。(功效状语)

He opened the door for her to come in. 他打开门让她进来。(目标状语)

I am sorry to hear that your mother was ill in hospital. 传闻你妈妈生病住院了我很惆怅。(原因状语)

6.作宾语补足语。常见的后头接动词不定式作宾语补足语的动词有:

tell somebody. to do

汇报或人做……ask somebody. to do

要求或人做……wish somebody. to do

但愿或人做……invite somebody. to do

邀请或人做……want somebody. to do

想要或人做……teach somebody. to do

教或人做……allow somebody. to do

答允或人做……force somebody to do

强迫或人做……expect somebody. to do

期望或人做……help somebody. to do

辅佐或人做……advise somebody. to do

发起或人做……persuade somebody. to do

奉劝或人做……如: Tina told her sister to turn down the TV. 蒂娜让她姐姐把电视机的音量调小点。

留意:在使役动词make, let, have和感官动词see, hear, watch, notice, feel等词后,要把不定式布局中的to省略。如:

I saw our English teacher enter the office just now. 适才我看到我们的英语老师走进办公室了。

命题点2“疑问词+动词不定式”的用法(2009年1次)

动词不定式与疑问词连用可用作主语或宾语。如:

When to go to Beijing hasn?t been decided yet. 什么时候去北京还没定下来。(作主语)

I have not decided yet when to leave. 我还没抉择什么时候分开。(作宾语)

留意:“疑问词+不定式”作宾语时可以转化为宾语从句。如:

Can you tell me where to get the scarf?

便是Can you tell me where I can get the scarf?

你能汇报我那边能买到这条围巾吗?

命题点3动名词(v.?ing)的用法

动名词相当于名词,可作主语、表语、定语和宾语。

1.作主语。动名词(短语)作主语可以转换为句型:It is加形容词.加to do加something.。如:

Eating too much junk food is bad for your health.

便是It is bad for your health to eat too much junk food. 吃太多的垃圾食品对身体康健有害。

2.作表语。动名词(短语)作表语可以转化为动名词(短语)作主语。如:

His favorite sport is playing ping?pong.便是Playing ping?pong is his favorite sport. 他最喜欢的举动是打乒乓球。

3.作定语。动名词(短语)作定语暗示用途。如:

There were many people in the waiting room before dark. 天黑之前候车室里尚有许多几何人。

4.作宾语。

◆常接动名词作宾语的动词有:

enjoy doing something.喜欢做某事

keep doing something.不中断地做某事

suggest doing something.发起做某事

finish doing something.做完某事

practice doing something.操练做某事

mind doing something.介怀做某事

◆常接动名词作宾语的短语有:

be interested in对……感乐趣

give up放弃

put off推迟

feel like想要

have fun……有兴趣

have a hard time……有坚苦

look forward to渴望

pay attention to留意

这就是我们为各人筹备的中考英语温习向导资料的内容,但愿切合各人的实际需要。

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