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2016江西中考英语考点梳理:形容词与副词讲授

来源:公共学习网   时间:2017-11-06

学生本领的形创驻足于恒久的积聚和实践,但中考前夕的科学指导对考生答题的努力意义也是不容忽视的。如安在温习进程中增强实效性,下面为各人整理了2016江西中考英语考点梳理的相关内容。

考点直击】

1. 形容词的用法;

2. 副词的用法;

3. 形容词和副词原级、较量级、第一流的用法;

4. 形容词和副词在句中的区别和位置。

【名师点睛】

1. 形容词的用法

(1) 形容词在句中作定语, 表语, 宾语补足语。 譬喻:

Our country is a beautiful country. (作定语)

The fish went bad. (作表语)

We keep our classroom clean and tidy. (作宾语补足语)

(2) 形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,形容词放在名词后头。

I have something important to tell you.

Is there anything interesting in the film.

(3) 用 and 或 or 毗连起来的两个形容词作定语时一般把它们放在被修饰的名词后头。起进一步表明的浸染。

Everybody, man and woman, old and young, should attend the meeting.

You can take any box away, big or small.

(4) the+形容词暗示一类人或物

The rich should help the poor.

2. 副词的用法

(1) 副词在句中可作状语,表语和定语。

He studies very hard. (作状语)

Life here is full of joy. (作定语)

When will you be back? (作表语)

副词按其用途和寄义可分为下面五类:

1)时间副词

时间副词凡是用来暗示行动的时间。常见的时间副词有:now today, tomorrow, yesterday, before, late, early, never, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, always等。譬喻:

He often comes to school late.

What are we going to do tomorrow?

He is never been to Beijing.

2)所在副词

所在副词凡是用来暗示行动产生的所在。常见的所在副词有:here, there, inside, outside, home, upstairs, downstairs, anywhere, everywhere, nowhere, somewhere, down, up, off, on, in, out等。譬喻:

I met an old friend of mine on my way home.

He went upstairs.

Put down your name here.

3)方法副词

方法副词一般都是答复“奈何的?”这类问题的,个中绝大部门都是由一个形容词加词尾-ly组成的, 有少数方法副词不带词尾-ly, 它们与形容词同形。常见的方法副词有:anxiously, badly, bravely, calmly, carefully, proudly, rapidly, suddenly, successfully, angrily, happily, slowly, warmly, well, fast, slow, quick, hard, alone, high, straight, wide等。譬喻:

The old man walked home slowly.

Please listen to the teacher carefully.

The birds are flying high.

He runs very fast.

4)水平副词

水平副词大都用来修饰形容词和副词,有少数用来修饰动词或介词短语。常见的水平副词有:much, (a) little, a bit, very, so, too, enough, quite, rather, pretty, greatly, completely, nearly, almost, deeply, hardly, partly等。譬喻:

Her pronunciation is very good.

She sings quite well.

I can hardly agree with you.

5)疑问副词是用来引导非凡疑问句的副词。常见的疑问副词有:how, when, where, why等。譬喻:

How are you getting along with your studies?

Where were you yesterday?

Why did you do that?

(2)副词在句中的位置

1)大都副词作状语时放在动词之后。假如动词带有宾语,则放在宾语之后。譬喻:

Mr Smith works very hard.

She speaks English well.

2)频度副词作状语时,凡是放在行为动词之前,情态动词,助动词和be动词之后。譬喻:

He usually gets up early.

I’ve never heard him singing.

She is seldom ill.

3)水平副词一般放在所修饰的形容词和副词的前面, 但enough作副词用时,凡是放在被修饰词的后头。譬喻:

It is a rather difficult job.

He runs very fast.

He didn’t work hard enough.

4)副词作定语时,一般放在被修饰的名词之后。譬喻:

On my way home, I met my uncle.

The students there have a lot time to do their own research work.

(3)部门常用副词的用法

1) very, much

这两个副词都可暗示“很”,但用法差异。Very用来修饰形容词和副词的原级,而much用来修饰形容词和副词的较量级。譬喻:

She is a very nice girl

I’m feeling much better now.

Much可以修饰动词,而very则不能。譬喻:

I don’t like the idea much.

They did not talk much.

2) too, either

这两个副词都暗示“也”,但too用于必定句,either用于否认句。譬喻:

She can dance, and I can dance, too.

I haven’t read the book and my brother hasn’t either.

3) already, yet

already一般用于语必定句,yet一般用于否认句。譬喻:

He has already left.

Have you heard from him yet?

He hasn’t answered yet.

4) so, neither

so和neither都可用于倒装句, 但so暗示必定,neither暗示否认。

譬喻:

My brother likes football and so do I.

My brother doesn’t like dancing and neither do I.

3. 形容词和副词的较量级和第一流

(1) 两小我私家或事物的较量时(不必然每一方只有一小我私家或一个事物),用较量

级。

Our teacher is taller than we are.

The boys in her class are taller than the boys in your class.

(2) most 同形容词连用而不消 the,暗示 "极,很,很是, 十分"。

It’s most dangerous to be here.

在这儿太危险。

(3) "The+形容词较量级..., the+形容词较量级..."暗示 " 越... 就越..."。

The more you study, the more you know.

(4) " 形容词较量级 + and + 形容词较量级 ", 暗示 " 越来越... "。

It’s getting hotter and hotter.

(5) 主语+谓语(系动词)+as+形容词原形+as+从句。暗示两者比拟沟通。

This box is as big as mine.

(6) the + 形容词 暗示某种人。

He always helps the poor.

(7) 形容词和副词第一流用于三个或三个以上的人和物举办较量。

Shanghai is one of the biggest cities in China.

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