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2017高考英语第一轮温习常识点:数词与连词

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数词一般与其它常识综合起来考查,好比倍数的表达要领,多个形容词的分列顺序等。近几年语境综合化水平越来越高。以下是2017高考英语第一轮温习常识点:数词连词,供参考温习!

连词按其性质,分为并列连词和从属连词,考点漫衍在单项选择、完形填空和随笔改错中。《英语解说纲要》和《测验纲要》语法项目表中对连词的观察是这样描写的:把握词汇表中所列连词的用法。即要求考生阐明句子身分,掌握语境和逻辑干系,得当选择符合连词,使句意通顺,逻辑清楚。毗连代词或毗连副词用于名词性从句,统称毗连词。

连词考点透析

考点一、、非凡并列连词while/when

例1. I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busily drying myself with a towel _______ I heard the steps. (2006年高考湖南卷)

A. while

B. when

C. since

D. after

例2.I’d like to study law at university _______ my cousin prefers geography. (2007年高考四川卷)

A. thoughB. as

C. while

D. for

[理会]B、C。作并列连词时,when/while用法较为非凡,二者区别是:while表两相比较;而when表溘然、在当时,常见于be about to do...when和hardly...when等句型中。

考点二、暗示原因的连词for/because/as/since

例3.He found it increasingly difficult to read, _____ his eyesight was beginning to fail.(2006年高考北京卷)

A. and

B. for

C. but

D. or

例4.Jenny was very sad over the loss of the photos she had shot at Canada, _____ _ this was a memory she especially treasured. (2006年高考广东卷)

A. as

B. if

C. when

D. where

例5.Parents should take seriously their children’s requests for sunglasses ________ eye protection is necessary in sunny weather.(2004年高考上海卷)

A. because B. though

C. unless

D. if

例6._____ everybody knows about it, I don’t want to talk any more.

A. For

B. Even

C. Since

D. However

[理会]B、A、A、C。引导原因连词,as/because/ since/ for的区别是:because语势最强,用来说明人所未知的原因,答复why提出的问题,可置于强调句中且其前可加修饰语; since是两边都知晓原因或颠末阐明而得之的原因,语气次之;for是并列连词,前用逗号离隔, 表逻辑推理或增补说明;as语气最弱,原因是显而易见的或已为人们所知,即已知原因,所引导的分句可置于句首。

考点三、并列连词but/yet/though

例7. Excuse me for breaking in, ______ I have some news for you.

A. so

B. and

C. but

D. yet

[理会]C。but和yet 是连词,可等同利用,但也有区别。yet与and连用,组成and yet,但but却无此用法;在“Excuse me/I’m sorry/I hope you don’t mind…but”中,只用but,不消yet。因为在暗示比较或对立时,but较为轻松自然;而yet却较为强烈,常出人意表;though作并列连词时,只能引导分句且其前须加逗号。例:I’ll try to come, though I don’t think I shall manage it.

考点四、引导名词性从句的从属连词that/whether/if

例8.The traditional view is ______ we sleep because our brain is “programmed” to make us do so. (2007 年高考上海卷)

A. when

B. why

C. whether

D. that

例9.We haven’t settled the question of _____ it is necessary for him to study abroad. ( 2006年高考江苏卷)

A. if

B. where

C. whetherD. that

[理会]D、C。引导名词性从句的从属连词that与whether的区别是:句子身分完整且表意确按时选用that毗连,句意不确按时选用whether/if毗连;借助it,将真正主语或宾语后置,组成“It…that”句型,但whether/if不行;下列景象用whether不消if:与or not 连用,中间无其他词离隔;作介词宾语;在主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句中。例:

Whether we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather.

考点五、暗示较量的从属连词what/as

例10. Engines are to machines __ ____ hearts are to animals. (2006年高考山东卷)

A. as

B. that

C. what

D. which

例11._____ I explained on the phone, your request will be considered at the next meeting.(2005年高考浙江卷)

A. WhenB. After

C. As

D. Since

例12.What a table! I’ve never seen such a thing before. It is ________ it is long.(2005年高考湖北卷)

A. half not as wide as

B. wide not as half as

C. not half as wide as

D. as wide as not half

[理会]C、C、C。what用作从属连词,表较量,用于A is to B what C is to D布局中;而as暗示原级较量,常用于as...as布局中,水平修饰语应置于第一个as之前,嵌入的形容词或副词利用原级。别的as还表“正如、凭据”,引导方法连词。

考点六、暗示条件的从属连词if /unless/as long as/once

例13. ________ I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it.

A. Even thoughB. UnlessC. As long asD. While

例14.Small sailboats can easily turn over in the water ____ they are not managed carefully.(2007年高考上海卷)

A. though

B. before

C. until

D. if

例15.You will be successful in the interview ____ you have confidence. (2007年高考福建卷)

A. before

B. once

C. until

D. though

例16.I won’t call you, _____ something unexpected happens.(2007年考全国卷)

A. unlessB. whether C. becauseD. while

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