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2017届高考英语一轮温习名词专题操练

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摘要内容    名词是词类的一种,属于实词,名词暗示人、事物、所在或抽象观念的名称,名词同时也分为专有名词和普通名词。下面是2017届高考英语一轮温习名词专题操练,一起来做题吧!

一、按照句意填符合的名词

1.It was dark and he had already lost his ________ of direction.

谜底与理会sense句意:天黑了,他早已失去了偏向感。sense of direction“偏向感”。

2.In the past few years Lucy has formed the habit of keeping a supply of candles in the house in case of power ________.

谜底与理会failure句意:在已往的几年里,露西养成了在家里备些蜡烛以防停电的习惯。power经常和failure连用,指“停电”。

3.It is amazing that we have a perfect ________ of the city on top of the tower.

谜底与理会view从后头的on top of the tower可知,这里指从塔顶上看到的美妙的风光,故填view。 view强调从远处可能高处看到的风光。

4.Little John hardly got anything in ________ for his kind act, which made him unhappy.

谜底与理会reward句意:小约翰对付本身的善行险些没获得什么回报,因此他很不兴奋。按照后头的for his kind act可知填写reward,意为“回报,酬金”。

5.The factories are staying open all weekend to try to meet the customers' ________ for this product.

谜底与理会demand句意:这些工场周末都在开工,以满意顾主对该产物的需求。meet one's demand for sth.“满意或人对某物的需求”。

6. Students are advised to keep the list of books near the desk for easy ________.

谜底与理会reference句意:学生们获得的发起是把书单放在课桌边,以便参考。for reference“供参考”。

7.Before we end this program, let's take a ________ at the sports news briefly.

谜底与理会glance句意:我们竣事这个节目之前,让我们扼要欣赏一下体育新闻。从后头的briefly可知填写glance,take a glance at sth.“对某物瞥一眼”。

8.According to a UN report,one third of the world population have no ________ to clean drinking water and health care.

谜底与理会access句意:按照连系国的陈诉,世界三分之一的人口喝不到清洁的饮用水,得不到好的医疗保健。have access to“获得,有权进入”。

9.—Did you finish reading that long novel?

—No,I ran out of ________. It's too long and I only completed half of it.

谜底与理会patience句意:——你读完那部长篇小说了吗?——没有,我都没有耐性了。太长了,我只读完了一半。patience“耐性”。

10.Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a ________ of exercise.

谜底与理会lack句意:康健问题与欠好的饮食习惯以及缺乏熬炼有密切的接洽。按照知识可知,缺乏熬炼会导致康健问题。lack“缺少;缺乏”。

11.To protect the environment, the local government has put up a lot of ________ to warn the citizens not to litter the ground.

谜底与理会signs句意:为了掩护情况,内地当局竖起了许多警示牌提醒市民不要乱扔垃圾。sign“标志,标牌”。

12.After about one hour of the play between China and South Korea, the ________ was 3­2 in our favour.

谜底与理会score句意:中国队和韩国队打了约莫一个小时之后,比分是3:2,我们领先。从后头的3­2 in our favour可知,这里指的是比分,因此填score。

二、按照中文意思完成下面句子

1.——迈克,你本日好像状态不太好。

——是的,我昨晚险些没睡。我在筹备一个陈诉。

—Mike,you don't seem to be quite ________ today.

—Well,I hardly slept last night.I was preparing for a ________.

谜底yourself; report

2.——你想好去那边过暑假了吗?

——是的,我要去一个宁静的处所,尤其是一个适合放松的处所。

—Have you got any ________ for the summer vacation?

—Yes.I'm going to a peaceful place, especially ________ suitable for ________.

谜底idea; one; relaxation

3.据我所知,他从不食言;你安心,他会定时来接你的。

As far as I know,he never breaks his ________;you can rely on ________ that he'll come to meet ________ on time.

谜底word/promise; it; you

4.有些习题看上去仿佛就是你以前做过的,可是假如再仔细一看,你就会发明个中的差异。

________ of the ________ appear to be the ________ that you have done,but after taking ________ second look,you will find that they are different.

谜底Some; exercises; ones; a

5.我认为这次尝试不是一个失败。至少我们已经为将来的乐成得到了履历。

I don't think the experiment ________ failure.At least,we have gained ________ for future success.

谜底a; experience

6.我们的乡村仅由200个家庭构成。

谜底Our village consists of no more than 200 families.

7.常识就是气力。

谜底Knowledge is power.

8.礼拜天我们凡是不上课。

谜底We usually don't have classes on Sundays.

9.读这样的小说是挥霍时间。

谜底It is a waste of time reading such a novel.

10.他们已经降服了这些坚苦。

谜底They have smoothed away the difficulties.



11.我的英语口语和苏珊的一样好。

谜底My spoken English is just as good as Susan's.

12.从山顶上,你可以鸟瞰我们的整个都市。

谜底From the top of the hill, you can get a bird's view of the city.

13.这个都市的情况变得越来越好了。

谜底The environment of the city is getting better and better.

14.歉仄,我是化学老师,不是英语老师。

谜底Sorry, I am a Chemistry teacher, not an English teacher.

15.电为我们提供动力,开动呆板。

谜底Electricity gives us power and makes machines work.

16. “It's a new term and a new day. I wish I ________ (能适应新情况) as soon as possible,” 15­year­old Li Mingyang said. (adapt, environment)

谜底could adapt to the new environment

17. She was found ________ (拥有) dangerous drugs. (possession)

谜底in possession of

18. My hometown, in common with all the other cities and towns, ________________ (经验了庞大变革) over the last 10 years. (experience, great)

谜底has experienced great changes

19. You can't imagine a woman like her ________ (承担一个如此大的家庭) can always wear big smiles on her face. (burden)

谜底(who is) burdened with such a big family

20. If only he ________ (去看影戏)yesterday. (movie)

谜底had seen/watched/gone to the movie

三、语法填空

(2016·辽宁丹东五校期末)

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