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2017届高考英语一轮温习专项操练:定语从句

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定语从句,一个简朴句跟在一名词或代词后(先行词)举办修饰限定,就叫做定语从句。在主句中充当定语身分,以下是2017届高考英语一轮温习专项操练:定语从句,供操练!

Ⅰ.按照句意填入适当干系词,并体会干系词的成果意义。

1.(2013•课标Ⅱ,4)When I arrived,Bryan took me to see the house________I would be staying.

谜底where[句意:当我达到时,Bryan带我去看了我将要住的屋子。先行词the house暗示所在,还原到从句中为:I would be staying in the house.故应利用干系副词where引导定语从句。]

2.(2013•北京,27)Many countries are now setting up national parks________animals and plants can be protected.

谜底where[句意:许多国度此刻都在成立国度公园,在哪里动物和植物可以或许受到掩护。先行词为national parks,代入从句中为:In the national parks animals and plants can be protected.应该利用暗示所在的干系副词where。]

3.(2013•天津,6)We have launched another man­made satellite,________is announced in today's newspaper.

谜底which[句意:我们又发射了一颗人造卫星,这件事是在本日的报纸上公布的。设空处引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为前面一句话,干系词在定语从句中作主语,故用which引导。]

4.(2013•重庆,24)John invited about 40 people to his wedding,most of ________ are family members.

谜底whom[句意:约翰邀请了约莫40人介入他的婚礼,他们傍边绝大部门是家庭成员。在定语从句中假如介词放在干系代词之前,且先行词指人时,从句中干系代词只能利用whom。]

5.(2013•山东,31)There is no simple answer,________is often the case in science.

谜底as[句意:科学常常就是这样的,它没有一个简朴的谜底。观察定语从句。空格处的引导词在从句中作主语,并引导非限制性定语从句。]

6.(2013•山东,35)Finally he reached a lonely island________was completely cut off from the outside world.

谜底which/that[句意:他最后到了一座完全与外面世界距离的孤岛上。定语从句修饰的先行词是island,将先行词代入定语从句后为:The island was completely cut off from the outside world.由此可见先行词在定语从句中作主语,且先行词暗示“物”,可以用which或that。]

7.(2013•浙江,13)The museum will open in the spring with an exhibition and a viewing platform ________ visitors can watch the big glass­houses being built.

谜底where[句意:博物馆将在春天开放,届时将有一个展览和一个参观平台。旅行者可以从这个平台寓目正在建树的大温室(玻璃暖房)。先行词为platform,代入定语从句后为:Visitors can watch the big glass­houses being built on the platform.由此可见干系词在定语从句中作所在状语,故用where。]

8.(2013•福建,27)The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those ________ lives were affected.

谜底whose[句意:这本书从蒙受地动影响的人们的视角报告地动的故事。将先行词those代入定语从句后为:The lives of those were affected.由此可知先行词在从句中和lives是所属干系,从句中缺少定语,故谜底为whose。]

9.(2013•辽宁,34)He may win the competition,in________ case he is likely to get into the national team.

谜底which[句意:他有大概赢得这次角逐,在这种环境下,他有但愿进入到国度队。句子可改为:He may win the competition,and in that case he is likely to get into the national team.去掉并列连词and,用which换掉that的位置而引导定语从句。]

10.(2013•江苏,32)The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China,________he remembers starting as early as his childhood.

谜底which[句意:世界银行主席说他对中国有一种情结,他记得这种情结始于他的儿童时代。先行词是a passion for China,且在定语从句中作start的宾语,要用干系代词,在非限制性定语从句顶用which。]

11.(2013•安徽,29)Mo Yan was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2012, ________made one of the Chinese people's long­held dreams come true.

谜底which[句意:莫言被授予2012年诺贝尔文学奖,这使中国人持久以来拥有的空想之一酿成现实。which引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面整个主句。]

12.(2013•湖南,21)Happiness and success often come to those________are good at recognizing their own strengths.

谜底who[句意:幸福和乐成常常青睐那些善于意识到本身优点的人。先行词为those,将先行词代入定语从句后为:Those are good at recognizing their own strengths.由此可见,先行词在定语从句中作主语,且暗示“人”,故用who。]

13.(2013•四川,9)Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment________they live.

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