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2017届高考英语一轮温习专项操练:定语从句

2017-11-07| 来源:互联网| 查看:172

摘要:定语从句,一个简朴句跟在一名词或代词后(先行词)举办修饰限定,就叫做定语从句。在主句中充当定语身分,以下是 2017届高考英语一轮温习专项操练:定语从句 ,供操练! Ⅰ.按照句

定语从句,一个简朴句跟在一名词或代词后(先行词)举办修饰限定,就叫做定语从句。在主句中充当定语身分,以下是2017届高考英语一轮温习专项操练:定语从句,供操练!

Ⅰ.按照句意填入适当干系词,并体会干系词的成果意义。

1.(2013•课标Ⅱ,4)When I arrived,Bryan took me to see the house________I would be staying.

谜底 where [句意:当我达到时,Bryan带我去看了我将要住的屋子。先行词the house暗示所在,还原到从句中为:I would be staying in the house.故应利用干系副词where引导定语从句。]

2.(2013•北京,27)Many countries are now setting up national parks________animals and plants can be protected.

谜底 where [句意:许多国度此刻都在成立国度公园,在哪里动物和植物可以或许受到掩护。先行词为national parks,代入从句中为:In the national parks animals and plants can be protected.应该利用暗示所在的干系副词where。]

3.(2013•天津,6)We have launched another man­made satellite,________is announced in today's newspaper.

谜底 which [句意:我们又发射了一颗人造卫星,这件事是在本日的报纸上公布的。设空处引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为前面一句话,干系词在定语从句中作主语,故用which引导。]

4.(2013•重庆,24)John invited about 40 people to his wedding,most of ________ are family members.

谜底 whom [句意:约翰邀请了约莫40人介入他的婚礼,他们傍边绝大部门是家庭成员。在定语从句中假如介词放在干系代词之前,且先行词指人时,从句中干系代词只能利用whom。]

5.(2013•山东,31)There is no simple answer,________is often the case in science.

谜底 as [句意:科学常常就是这样的,它没有一个简朴的谜底。观察定语从句。空格处的引导词在从句中作主语,并引导非限制性定语从句。]

6.(2013•山东,35)Finally he reached a lonely island________was completely cut off from the outside world.

谜底 which/that [句意:他最后到了一座完全与外面世界距离的孤岛上。定语从句修饰的先行词是island,将先行词代入定语从句后为:The island was completely cut off from the outside world.由此可见先行词在定语从句中作主语,且先行词暗示“物”,可以用which或that。]

7.(2013•浙江,13)The museum will open in the spring with an exhibition and a viewing platform ________ visitors can watch the big glass­houses being built.

谜底 where [句意:博物馆将在春天开放,届时将有一个展览和一个参观平台。旅行者可以从这个平台寓目正在建树的大温室(玻璃暖房)。先行词为platform,代入定语从句后为:Visitors can watch the big glass­houses being built on the platform.由此可见干系词在定语从句中作所在状语,故用where。]

8.(2013•福建,27)The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those ________ lives were affected.

谜底 whose [句意:这本书从蒙受地动影响的人们的视角报告地动的故事。将先行词those代入定语从句后为:The lives of those were affected.由此可知先行词在从句中和lives是所属干系,从句中缺少定语,故谜底为whose。]

9.(2013•辽宁,34)He may win the competition,in________ case he is likely to get into the national team.

谜底 which [句意:他有大概赢得这次角逐,在这种环境下,他有但愿进入到国度队。句子可改为:He may win the competition,and in that case he is likely to get into the national team.去掉并列连词and,用which换掉that的位置而引导定语从句。]

10.(2013•江苏,32)The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China,________he remembers starting as early as his childhood.

谜底 which [句意:世界银行主席说他对中国有一种情结,他记得这种情结始于他的儿童时代。先行词是a passion for China,且在定语从句中作start的宾语,要用干系代词,在非限制性定语从句顶用which。]

11.(2013•安徽,29)Mo Yan was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2012, ________made one of the Chinese people's long­held dreams come true.

谜底 which [句意:莫言被授予2012年诺贝尔文学奖,这使中国人持久以来拥有的空想之一酿成现实。which引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面整个主句。]

12.(2013•湖南,21)Happiness and success often come to those________are good at recognizing their own strengths.

谜底 who [句意:幸福和乐成常常青睐那些善于意识到本身优点的人。先行词为those,将先行词代入定语从句后为:Those are good at recognizing their own strengths.由此可见,先行词在定语从句中作主语,且暗示“人”,故用who。]

13.(2013•四川,9)Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment________they live.

#p#分页标题#e#

谜底 where [句意:此刻人们越发体贴他们居住的情况。先行词是environment,将先行词代入定语从句后为:They live in the environment.由此可见干系词在定语从句中作所在状语,故用where引导。]

14.(2013•江西,33)He wrote a letter ________ he explained what had happened in the accident.

谜底 where [句意:他写了一封信,信中他表明白变乱中产生了什么。将先行词letter代入从句为:He explained what had happened in the accident in the letter.由此可知从句中缺少状语,应该用干系副词where,相当于in which。]

15.(2012•全国Ⅱ,8)That evening,________I will tell you more about later,I ended up working very late.

谜底 which [句意:稍后我会汇报你更多关于那晚的事,那晚我事情到很晚。先行词为That evening,将先行词代入定语从句后为:I will tell you more about that evening later.由此可见先行词在定语从句中作about的宾语,且暗示“物”,故用which引导。本题易误填when,考生只看到先行词为暗示时间的名词,但没有留意先行词在定语从句中的成果。]

Ⅱ.语篇填空

在设空处填入一个适当的干系代词或干系副词,使文章布局完整,语意通顺。

There was a time __1__ I was tired of learning English and disliked to speak English.And this is the reason __2__ my father forced me to join in a 30­day training in an English club before I went to senior high school.When I first came to the club,__3__ I met many strangers,I missed my parents very much.So I packed up my things and wanted to go home.Fortunately,my guide __4__ teacher was Li Yang,communicated with me face to face,from __5__ I gained some useful instructions.He also showed me a good partner,and we got along well with each other.Gradually I adapted to the life there.Every day I would like to talk to other teenagers and set down a series of activities __6__ we did.My father and the guide __7__ encouraged me to fall in love with English should be appreciated.Now I feel it interesting to learn English,into __8__ I put my entire energy.Every day I will read my words and passages aloud.In class I will join in English discussions.Before I go to sleep,I will recall my passages,through __9__ I can memorize a large number of new words.__10__ our English teacher says,“As long as we form the habit of learning English every day and have perseverance,we will conquer English sooner or later.”

谜底 1.when 2.why 3.where 4.whose 5.whom

6.that/which 7.who/that 8.which 9.which 10.As

以上就是2017届高考英语一轮温习专项操练:定语从句的全部内容,一轮温习时间一般在今年9月至次年3月,一轮温习对高考至关重要,但愿上文对各人有所辅佐!

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