首页>> 高考 >> 山西高考

2014年山西高考英语质检试题(有谜底)

2017-11-08| 来源:互联网| 查看:99

摘要:第Ⅰ卷(三部门,共 85 分) 第一部门:听力部门(共两节,满分20分) 第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最

第Ⅰ卷(三部门,共 85 分)

第一部门:听力部门(共两节,满分20分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来答复有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.2014年山西高考英语质检试题:Where does this conversation probably take place?

A.In a bookstore. B. In a classroom. C. In a library.

2.At what time will the film begin?

A.7:20 B.7:15 C.7:00

3. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?

A. Their friend Jane. B. A weekend trip. C. A radio program.

4. What will the woman probably do?

A. Catch a train. B. See the man off. C. Go shopping.

5. Why did the woman apologize?

A. She made a late delivery. B. She went to the wrong place.

C. She couldn't take the cake back.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅览室读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6 段质料,答复第6、7 题。

6. Whose CD is broken?

A. Kathy's. B. Mum's. C. Jack's.

7. What does the boy promise to do for the girl?

A. Buy her a new CD. B. Do some cleaning. C. Give her 10 dollars.

听第7段质料,答复第8、9 题。

8. What did the man think of the meal?

A. Just so-so. B. Quite satisfactory. C. A bit disappointing.

9. What was the 15% on the bill paid for?

A. The food. B. The drinks. C. The service.

听第8段质料,答复第10 至12 题。

10. Why is the man at the shop?

A. To order a camera for his wife.

B. To have a camera repaired.

C. To get a camera changed.

11. What color does the man want?

A. Pink. B. Black. C. Orange.

12. What will the man do afterwards?

A. Make a phone call.

B. Wait until further notice.

C. Come again the next day.

听第9段质料,答复第13 至16 题。

13. What would Joe probably do during the Thanksgiving holiday?

A. Go to a play. B. Stay at home. C. Visit Kingston..

14. What is Ariel going to do in Toronto?

A. Attend a party. B. Meet her aunt. C. See a car show.

I5. Why is Ariel in a hurry to leave?

A. To call up Betty. B. To buy some DVDs. C. To pick up Daniel.

16. What might be the relationship between the speakers?

A. Classmates. B. Fellow workers. C. Guide and tourist.

听第10段质料,答复第17 至20 题。

17. Where does Thomas Manning work?

A. In the Guinness Company. B. At a radio station. C. In a museum.

18. Where did the idea of a book of records come from?

A. A bird-shooting trip. B. A visit to Europe. C. A television talk show.

19. When did Sir Hugh's first book of records

A. In 1875. B. In 1950. C. In 1955.

20. What are the two speakers going to talk about next?

A. More records of unusual facts.

B. The founder of the company.

C. The oldest person in the world

第二部门 英语常识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 语法和词汇常识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空缺处的最佳选项,并在答题卡大将该项涂黑。

21. If we sit near _______ front of the bus, we’ll have _______ better view.

A. 不填;the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. the;the

22. Student loan is supposed to provide financial support for people who would ______ not be able to go to college.

A. otherwise B. meanwhile C. therefore D. nevertheless

23. I’m not sure how much scholarship you will receive, but it will roughly ___ your major expenses.

A. swap B. abolish C. settle D. cover

24. —Peter, this is Laura, a student from No. 2 Middle School.

—How do you do? I’m very delighted to make your _______.

A. identification B. acquaintance C. register D. currency

25. The big company should be ready to ______ many talents who can often _____ a new idea for

increasing sales.

A. take in; come across B. take on; come on

C. take on; come up with D. take in; come up with

26. Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet _____ life has developed gradually.

A. that B. where C. which D. whose

27. I smell something __________ in the kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute?

A. burning B. burnt C. being burnt D. to be burnt

28. It never occurred to me _____ you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind.

A. which B. what C. that D. if

29. — Tommy is planning to buy a car.

— I know. By the time he returns from abroad, he ________ enough for a used one.

A. will have saved B. saves C. had saved D. will save

30. The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, ______ accompanied by an adult.

A. once B. when C. if D. unless

31. Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden? They are everyone's enjoyment.

A. in B. for C. at D. to

32. Just be patient .You expect the world to change so soon

A can’t B needn’t C may not D will not

33. He asks that he ________ an opportunity to explain why he’s refused to go there.

A. is given B. must give C. should give D. be given

34. John's success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work ______has made him what he is today.

A. why B. when C. which D. that

35. 一Do youknow if Linda is willing to take charge of the program?

一 , does it?

A.It takes no time B.It counts for nothing

C.It doesn’t hurt to ask D.It doesn’t make sense

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

请当真阅读下面随笔,把握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡大将该项涂黑。

#p#分页标题#e#

Thousands of brush lines went into the original great works, but one artist has reproduced some of the world’s most famous paintings with just one line. Designer Chan Hwee Chong creates spiral(螺旋形的) illustrations inspired by some of the most 36 works in history. The Singaporean artist's work is so 37 that if he makes a single mistake he starts all over again. He has recreated Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, Van Gogh's self-portrait and Johannes Vermeer's the Girl with the Pearl Earring in his own unique 38 .

The 33-year-old father-of-two said: “ 39 , the brief was to show the precision and control of the pens. Right from start, we 40 ourselves, is there an idea that can bring to life the promise of these pens in a 41 , powerful way? Inspired by line-art drawings, we thought we could 42 ‘precision and control’ in a simple idea that involved only one single line.” He 43 putting together the impressive drawings to a spider spinning a web. Mr Hwee Chong added, “It wasn't as easy as we thought. We went through many rounds of 44 and error, painstaking drawing the masterpieces in one 45 line, by hand. As you can imagine, every mistake meant we need to start from the very 46 . This project not only involved skill 47 lots of resilience and patience, much 48 a spider spinning its web.”

The Singaporean is an art director at German 49 studio Kolle Robbe in Hamburg. In his spare time he works 50 installation art and on graphic design. “At work, I deal 51 with art direction and ideas. Outside of work I like playing with spaces— 52 different ways of provoking our senses in an immersive(拟真的) fashion.”

Mr Hwee Chong, who lives in Hamburg with his wife Carolyn, said the three pieces took several months to complete due to the fact that every mistake meant a complete restart. “I don't really have an __53_ to how long each drawing took but the whole project took us many months. 54 , my favorite is Mona Lisa as it was the piece we started doing first. All three pieces were hard work but I worked with a team which really 55 . We solved problems we had together and it was great fun.”

36.A.popular B.effective C.practical D.realistic

37.A.successful B.precise C.strict D.flexible

38.A.language B.gesture C.studio D.style

39.A.Basically B.Fortunately C.Thankfully D.Similarly

40.A.reminded B.told C.asked D.wondered

41.A.traditional B.simple C.direct D.pare

42.A.present B.change C.invent D.lose

43.A.practiced B.suggested C.connected D.compared

44.A.trial B.action C.success D.risk

45.A.shortened B.broken C.controlled D.divided

46.A.end B.top C.head D.beginning

47.A.yet B.but C.and D.then

48.A.like B.off C.after D.against

49.A.film B.music C.design D.photography

50.A.for B.on C.with D.of

51.A.mainly B.only C.closely D.nervously

52.A.making B.exploring C.feeling D.forcing

53.A.honor B.attention C.entrance D.answer

54.A.Probably B.Personally C.Recently D.Previously

55.A.impressed B.owned C.approved D.helped

第三部门 阅读领略(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

请当真阅读下列随笔, 从随笔后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡大将该项涂黑。

A

Some time ago, I discovered that one of my chairs had a broken leg. I didn’t think there would be any difficulty in getting it mended , as there are a whole lot of antique shops near my home . So I left home one morning carrying the chair with me. I went into the first shop expecting a friendly reception. I was quite wrong. The man wouldn’t even look at my chair.

The second shop, though slightly more polite, was just the same, and the third and, the fourth— so I decided that my approach must be wrong.

#p#分页标题#e#

I went into the fifth shop with a plan in my mind. I placed the chair on the floor and said to the shopkeeper, “Would you like to buy a chair?” He looked it over carefully and said, “Yes, not a bad chair. How much do you want for it, sir?” “Twenty pounds,” I said. “OK,” he said, “I’ll give you twenty pounds.” “It’s got a slightly broken leg,” I said. “Yes I saw that, it’s nothing.”

Everything was going according to plan and I was getting excited. “What will you do with it?” I asked. “Oh, it will be easy to sell once the repair is done.” “I’ll buy it,” I said. “What do you mean? You’ve just sold it to me,” he said. “Yes, I know but I’ve changed my mind. I’m sorry. I’ll give you twenty-seven pounds for it.” “You must be crazy,” he said. Then, suddenly the penny dropped. “I know what you want. You want me to repair your chair.” “You’re right,” I said. “And what would you have done if I had walked in and said, ‘Would you mend this chair for me’?” “I wouldn’t have agreed to do it,” he said. “We don’t do repairs, not enough money in it and too much trouble. But I’ll mend this for you, shall we say for a five?” He was a very nice man and was greatly amused by the whole thing.

56. We can learn from the text that in the first shop the writer .

A. was rather impolite

B. was warmly received

C. asked the shopkeeper to buy his chair

D. asked the shopkeeper to repair his chair

57. The expression “the penny dropped” in the last paragraph means the shopkeeper .

A. changed his mind

B. saw the writer’s purpose

C. accepted the offer

D. decided to help the writer

58. How much did the writer pay?

A. £5 B. £7 C. £20 D. £27

59. From the text, we can learn that the writer was .

A. smart B. careful C. honest D. funny

B

He was 11 years old and went fishing every chance he got from the dock at his family’s cabin on an island in the middle of a New Hampshire lake.

On the day before the bass season opened, he and his father were fishing early in the evening, catching sunfish and perch (鲈鱼) with worms. Then he tied on a small silver lure(鱼饵)and practiced casting. The lure struck the water and caused colored ripples in the sunset, then silver ripples as the moon rose over the lake.

When his pea-pole doubled over, he knew something huge was on the other end. His father watched with admiration as the boy skillfully worked the fish alongside the dock.

Finally, he very gingerly lifted the exhausted fish from the water. It was the largest one he had ever seen, but it was a bass. The boy and his father looked at the handsome fish, gills playing back and forth in the moonlight. The father lit a match and looked at his watch. It was 10 P.M.-- two hours before the season opened. He looked at the fish, then at the boy.

“You’ll have to put it back, son,” he said.

“Dad!” cried the boy.

“There will be other fish,” said his father.

“Not as big as this one,” cried the boy.

He looked around the lake. No other fishermen or boats were anywhere around in the moonlight. He looked again at his father. Even though no one had seen them, nor could anyone ever know what time he caught the fish, the boy could tell by the clarity of his father’s voice that the decision was not negotiable. He slowly worked the hook out of the lip of the huge bass and lowered it into the black water.

The creature swished its powerful body and disappeared. The boy suspected that he would never again see such a great fish.

That was 34 years ago. Today, the boy is a successful architect in New York City. His father’s cabin is still there on the island in the middle of the lake. He takes his own son and daughters fishing from the same dock.

And he was right. He has never again caught such a magnificent fish as the one he landed that night long ago. But he does see that same fish-again and again-every time he comes up against a question of ethics (道德类型).

60. Why did the father ask his son to put the perch back?

A. Because the father disliked the perch.

B. Because the father was afraid of being fined

C. Because the ethics must be obeyed.

D. Because the son was more experienced in fishing than his father.

61. When does the architect (the father’s son) think of that perch put back?

A. When he takes his own and son and daughters fishing from the same dock.

B. When he builds many famous buildings.

C. When he pays a visit to his old father.

D. When he faces some problems about ethics.

62. Which word can not be used to describe the boy’s father?

A. honest B. noble-minded C. caring D. generous

C

Why do some people flush when they drink alcohol? This effect is a common reaction to alcohol among East Asians. It affects about 36 percent of Japanese, Chinese and Koreans.

#p#分页标题#e#

For many, even a small amount of alcohol can cause unpleasant effects. Most commonly, their face, neck and sometimes their whole body turn red. People might also feel uncomfortable and sick to their stomach. They might experience a burning sensation, increased heart rate, shortness of breath and headaches.

The cause is a genetic difference that they are born with called an ALDH2 deficiency (缺乏). It prevents their bodies from treating alcohol the way other people do. But the effects might be more serious than just a red face. Researchers warn of a link between this condition and an increased risk of cancer of the esophagus (食道) from drinking alcohol.

The more alcohol people with this deficiency drink, the greater their risk is. In Japan and South Korea, for example, many people have the deficiency but still drink heavily. Researchers found that these drinkers develop a form of esophageal cancer six to ten times more often than those without the deficiency.

Esophageal cancer is one of the deadliest cancers. It can be treated when found early, but once it grows the chances of survival drop sharply. The researchers estimate that at least five hundred forty million people have the deficiency, about eight percent of the world’s population.

Philip Brooks is a researcher at the National Institute in the United States. He says it is important to educate people about the link between the alcohol flushing effect and esophageal cancer. He says doctors should ask East Asian patients about their experiences with facial flushing after drinking alcohol. Those with a history of it should be advised to limit their alcohol use. They should also be warned that cigarette smoking works with the alcohol in a way that further increases the risk of esophageal cancer.

63. The underlined word “flush” in Paragraph 1 probably means “_________”.

A. walk unsteadily B. turn red in the face

C. appear unpleasant D. talk more than usual

64. The second paragraph is mainly about _________.

A. the cause of the effects of alcohol

B. Asians and alcohol

C. the advantages of drinking alcohol

D. unpleasant effects caused by alcohol

65. We can infer from the passage that _________.

A. about 36 percent of Japanese, Chinese and Koreans are heavy drinkers

B. the ALDH2 deficiency may be passed on from generation to generation

C. unpleasant effects occur only when people with this deficiency drink a lot

D. only some East Asians have the ALDH2 deficiency

66. Esophageal cancer is one of the deadliest cancers because _________.

A. it can’t be treated at all

B. it is hard to be discovered early

C. it is hard to cure once it has developed

D. people are usually addicted to alcohol

D

It is a plain fact that we are in a world where competition is going on in all areas and at all levels. This is exciting. Yet, on the other hand, competition breeze a pragmatic(实用主义) attitude. People choose to learn things that are useful, and do things that are profitable. Today’s college education is also affected by this general sense of utilitarianism.(功利主义)

Many college students choose business nor computing programming as their majors convinced that these professions are where the big money is. It is not unusual to see the college students taking a part time job as a warming up for the real battle. I often see my friends taking GRE tests, working on English or computer certificates and taking the driving lessons to get a license. Well, I have nothing against being practical. As the competition in the job market gets more and more intense, students do have reasons to be practical.

However, we should never forget that college education is much more than skill training. Just imagine, if your utilitarianism is prevails on campus, living no space for the cultivation(造就) of students' minds, or nurturing of their soul. We will see university is training out well trained spiritless working machines. If utilitarianism prevails society, we will see people lost in the money-making adventures; we’ll see humanity losing their grace and dignity, and that would be disastrous. I'd like to think society as a carriage and people pursuing profit or fame as a horse that pulls the carriage. Yet without the driver picking direction the carriage would go straight and may even end out in a precarious situation.

A certificate may give you some advantage, but broad horizons, positive attitudes and personal integrities(正直), these are assets you cannot acquire through any quick fixed way. In today's world, the highest level of competition is not be that of skills or expertise (专业), but vision and strategy. Your intellectual quality largely determines how far you can go in your career.

67. The author’s attitude toward today’s college education is .

A. positive B. cautious C. critical D. doubtful

68. Many college students choose to major in business because .

A. a businessman is very likely to make big money

B. studying business is less competitive

C. too many students have chosen computing programming

D. computing programming is not a must for them

69. The author does strongly suggest that .

A. more competition be encouraged on college campus

B. people not ignore the value of broad horizons, positive attitude and personal integrities

C. intellectual quality determine how far one can go in his career

D. college students get as many part time jobs as possible

70. In the author’s opinion, .

A. college students are not pragmatic enough

B. college students should have drivers pick direction for them

C. college education should provide students more business courses

D. college education should value the cultivation of students’ minds

第Ⅱ卷(两部门,共 35 分)

第四部门 任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请当真阅读下面随笔,并按照所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最得当的单词。

留意:每个空格填1个单词。请将谜底写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。

#p#分页标题#e#

Visiting a new place can be a scary experience for a lot of people because it could include speaking in a language that most people are not comfortable with ---- English. So how can you keep away form this kind of situation? Learn how to speak English fluently. Here are 4 English speaking tips you must know to become a more confident English speaker.

1. Listen first.

One of the best English speaking tips is to listen carefully to understandable English EVERY DAY. Most people turn to textbooks to study English grammar rules, but you cannot learn the correct English pronunciation of the words merely by reading them. You do not need to learn grammar in detail because this can prevent you from speaking English fluently.

Instead, listen to how native English speakers pronounce and observe their mouth movements. Also watch English shows and movies to build on your English accent and improve your vocabulary.

2. Practice makes perfect.

Studies show that you’ll probably spend three months of practice every day in order to have strong mouth muscles. Read aloud in English for 15 to 20 minutes a day in front of the mirror, which helps in accent reduction and improves your English communication skills.

Also, practice with your friends and family. Talking with a good English speaker can help improvise (即兴发挥) your usage of words and formation of sentences.

3. Think in English.

One of the most effective English speaking tips is to think in English. What most English learners do in the early stages of learning is that they think of what they have to say in their native language, translate and then say it in English. This can be mentally tiring.

If your goal is to speak English fluently, you need to learn “thinking” in English. Make up the sentences in English as you think about them before saying them. With practice, you will be able to respond automatically in English.

4. Be more confident.

All these English speaking tips will be in vain if you are not that confident in your English speaking skills. It is quite natural to commit errors when learning a new language.

Try to relax if you’re speaking in English. When you speak at a normal speed, you’ll discover that you will be able to pronounce the words correctly and people will understand you. Most of the time, the person you are talking to is not even aware of your errors.

In a word, learning English does not happen overnight. It takes a lot of time, effort and practice. Don’t get too frustrated and never give up. Follow these English speaking tips and practice daily. Soon, you would learn to speak English fluently as if it is your own language.

English speaking tips you must know

Introduction It’s many people’s dream to 71 ▲ the discomfort from being unable to speak English in a new place.

Tips Listen first.

 Seeking help from textbooks won’t enable you to learn the 72 ▲ English pronunciation.

 Listen to how native English speakers pronounce and observe how their mouths

73 ▲ .

 Watch English shows and movies to improve your English accent and 74 ▲ .

Practice makes perfect.

 Practice three months to 75 ▲ your mouth muscles.

 Regular reading 76 ▲ can reduce accent and improve your English communication skills.

 Practice with your friends and family.

Think in English.

 Thinking in your native language makes you 77 ▲ mentally.

 Thinking in English will reward you with automatic 78 ▲ in English.

Be more confident.

 Committing errors is a necessary part of language learning.

 Try to relax to speak at a normal speed and make yourself 79 ▲ .

80 ▲ Learning English does not happen overnight.

第五部门 写 作(共二节,满分25分)

第一节 单词拼写(共10小题;每小题 0.5分,满分5分)

按照首字母或中文提示完成句子,每空一词。

81. During the night, the temperatures dropped and the f ▲ rain began to turn to snow.

82. With the help of their teacher, relations between the two boys were m ▲ , and they became friends again.

83. In Asia, there are many s ▲ between the cultures and customs of different countries.

84. The poet is opposed to modern technology and prefers a c ▲ way of life.

85. With three young children to take care of, Jenny needed a f ▲ work.

86. ▲ (思量到) Australia’s small population, its outstanding performance at the Olympic Games was really amazing..

87. The Acropolis is a large, ▲ (平的) rock in the centre of Athens, rising up high above the city.

88. When the Americans ▲ (阻挡) to this, the British would not compromise, but increased control over their American colonies instead.

89. Another focus of biblical idioms is ▲ (农业) life or food,‘you reap what you sow’, for example.

90. As the number of older Americans moving there increases, more changes are made to ▲ (迎合) to them.

第二节 书面表达(满分20分)

在我们的糊口和进修中,与人相助长短常重要的。请你按照下表中所提供的信息,写一篇题为 “Cooperate with others”的英文演讲稿。

为何与人相助 可以高效地完成任务;

可以节减时间和精神;

可以从相助者身上学到许多。

与谁相助 与喜欢的人相助 脸色愉快,一起分享事情中的快乐和疾苦。

与不喜欢的人

相助 能挑战本身与他人相处的本领。另外,存眷事情比存眷相助者本人更重要。日久,也许会发明他是一个很好相处的人。

奈何做一个好的相助者 请你颁发本身的概念……(至少2点观点)

留意:

1.对所给要点,逐一告诉,适当发挥,不要简朴翻译。

2.词数150阁下。

参考词汇:相助者 partner 高效地efficiently

Good afternoon, everyone!

The topic of my speech today is “Cooperate with others”.

Thank you for your listening!

本文转载自网络,如对您的侵权,请联系站长删除!