1. When are you leaving? Where are you staying?
用举办时表未来的动词: go , come, leave, start, begin, return, stay, play, fly, drive,
sleep, reach, walking, ride, move…
2. dream about = dream of sth /doing sth. dreamed/ dreamt
dream that… realize one’s dream our dream come true
have a dream= dream a dream
3. It was my sister who first had the ides to…..强调句：
① It + be (not) + 强调部门+ that /who + 句子剩余部门
② Be + it + 强调部门+ that /who + 句子剩余部门?
Was it at the end of 2001 that China joined WTO?
③ 非凡疑问词+ be + it +that /who + 句子剩余部门?
When was it that China joined WTO?
4. .persuade vt.说服; 劝服; vi.被说服
persuade + sb.
sb. of sth. 使或人相信某事
sb. that clause
sb. to do sth. = persuade sb. into doing sth.
sb. out of doing sth. = persuade sb. not to do sth
try to persuade sb to do sth. = advise sb to do sth. 说服未乐成
5.although, though引导让步状语从句不能再和but, and, however连用, 但可以和副词yet, still连用。although从句多放在句首, though从句可在主句前，中，后任何位置，并且though可以作副词用于句末，作 “可是，不外”讲，而although无此用法。
6. insist : 僵持认为，僵持主张
1) insist on / upon one’s doing sth 僵持做,果断做
2) insist that +从句僵持说/认为(后暗示一个事实), 后接的从句用告诉语气, 既按需要选择时态。
3) insist that sb. (should) do sth.果断主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚拟语气
7.properly (adv.) proper (adj.)
finally (adv.) final ( adj)
8. care about : be worried about 忧虑,体贴
care for sb/sth : look after, love or like但愿, 喜欢, 照顾
9. determine v. 抉择, 下定刻意, 确定 determined adj. 果断的, 有刻意的
1) determine to do sth.(行动) 2) determine +从句
3) determine +疑问词+ to do 4) be determined to do sth. 刻意做(状态)
He was determined to do it for a long time.
10.change one’s mind 改变或人的主意
make up one’s mind 下定刻意 keep…in mind 记着
11.at an altitude of = at a height of 在海拔……米处 attitude
at 后接年数, 速度, 长宽深高, 价值, 用度等 “在……处/时, 以……”
at the age of at a high / low price at a depth/width of
at the speed of at the cost of at a distance of
12….the air was would hard to breath….
主语 + be + adj.+ to do sth. 即不定式用主动形式表达被动寄义
这类形容词有surprised, moved, disappointed, pleased, happy, sad, delighted, sorry, interested, glad, worried, etc.
13. give in (to sb./sth.) 屈服于, 让步, 递交 give up 放弃, 认输
give out 筋疲力尽;分派 give away 捐赠, 泄露
14. across / through /over
through 表达双方穿过或穿过空间内部, 寄义与in 有关
over暗示 “越过” 是指越过较高的物体从一侧到另一侧
The new railway winds its way to Tibet, over mountains through tunnels and across rivers.
15. as usual
16. encourage sb. to do sth. encourage sb in doing sth. encouraged/ encouraging
17. To climb the mountain road was hard work but to go down the hill was great fun. fun fun [U n. ] 玩笑, 乐事, 有趣的事
have fun=enjoy oneself It is much/great fun to do… 做……很有趣
18.change v.“更衣, 改换” change n “零钱”
get changed 换好衣服 change A for B 用A换B
19.make camp 扎营, 宿营 go camping 去露营, 去野营
① make +n.+ n. 使…… ② make +n.+ adj. 使……
③ make +n.+ do sth. 使或人做某事 *被动式 be made to do sth
④ make +n.+已往分词
20.put up ① 举起, 抬起 = raise ② 挂起, 张贴
③ 制作, 搭起 = build ④ 住宿, 过夜
put away 把……收起来, 存放 put back 放回原处
put down 放下, 写下, 镇压 put forward 提出
put off 推迟, 拖延 put out 毁灭, 伸出
put one’s heart to 全神灌输于 put an end to 使竣事
21. so far
22. We can hardly wait to see them!
23. for one thing,……for another,…….首先…，其次…
on the one hand,….. on the other hand…..
24. different adj. difference n. differently adv. differ v.
the difference between A and B
A be different from B.
25. be familiar to sb. (主语是物) 熟悉
be familiar with sth. (主语是人)