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2014年广西南宁中考英语备考资料之语法要点之部门名词用法

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2014年广西南宁中考英语备考资料语法要点之部门名词用法

The old woman is alone in the house. 那位老妇一小我私家在屋里。

可当副词,修饰动词:She lives alone. 她独居。

Can you move the stone alone? 你能独自搬动那块儿石头吗?

Dick is walking on the beach alone. 狄克独自在海滩缓步。

(留意:不行说very alone. 但可说very much alone.)

2lonely, “孤傲的;寥寂的”带有伤感色彩。只当形容词。

可在系动词后作表语:The old man is lonely.这位老人是孤傲的。

He has many relatives, but he feels lonely. 他有许多亲戚,但感想孤傲。

(lonely 和心理感觉有关,而alone和心理感觉无关。)

也可在名词前作定语:a lonely person一位孤傲的人

a lonely village一个荒僻的乡村 (而alone不行作定语)

56.belong to与be: This suit belongs to me / Lucy / my brother. (直接加人)

This suit is mine / Lucy’s / my son’s / hers. (某物是或人的,所以用名词性物主代词。)

57.by常见用法:1“通过”I study English by memorizing grammar.

You can know it by looking it up in a dictionary. He travels by bike.

2“截至到”Will you finish the task by tomorrow?

The train had left by the time he got there.

3“被”This novel was written by Lu Xun.

4“颠末”He passed by me without noticing me.

5“在……旁边”Sit by me. They are playing by the river.

58.部门用in的短语: in a good way(用一个好要领), in the open air(在露天场合)

2that与上文所说是同一类,但不是同一个,常指不行数名词。

The food in China is quite different from that in America.

The weather of Hainan is better than that of Gansu.

that也可指上文所说的事:

A: I had an accident and broke my legs. B: I’m sorry to hear that.

3 this 更多指下文所说的事:The reason is this : ………..

4one 指代上文所说的某类可数名词单数,指同一类物但不是同一个。

This sweater is too expensive, do you have another one?(也指毛衣,但不是上文谁人)

77.at / by the end of, in the end 的区别:

1at the end of +时间点或所在,“在…的止境,在…的末端”

They will have a sports meeting at the end of March. (时间)

He put some books at the end of the bed. (所在)

2by the end of +时间点,“截至到…末”

若接已往的时间点,常用已往完成时: We had built ten buildings by the end of 2002. They had planted six thousand trees by the end of last month.

若接未来的时间,常用一般未来时:We shall finish the work by the end of next month.

3in the end “最后”,后不加of 短语:

They wanted to find a place to rest in, in the end, they saw a village.

78.have gone to/have been to/have been in: 1have gone to+所在“已去了…(还未返来)” -I can’t find those children, where are they?

-They have gone to the farm. (去了农场,不在这儿)

2have been to+所在“去过…(本往复过,此刻已回) ”句尾常接次数或多个所在

或before,或句中常有ever, never等。

She has been to Qingdao three times. I have been to two big cities.

Have you been to Dalian before? I have never / ever been to Dalian.

I have never been there before. Where have you been? 你去哪儿了?(此行省略了to)

3have been in + 所在,“已在…(多久了) ”句尾常接for + 时间段,或since + 时间点 / 一般已往时的句子。

Peter has been in China for a long time.

I’ve been here for 2 hours / since 2 hours ago. (此短语省略了in)

79.all / whole用法:all (of) the land / all (of) the class / all (of) the students…【all 在定冠词the 前】 the whole school / the whole country / the whole day… 【whole 在定冠词the 后】

—22—

80.a bit / a little区别:都可作副词,后直接加形容词或副词。

I’m a bit / a little hungry. She feels a bit / a little tired.

也都可作代词(或形容词),后接不行数名词,但有所差异:

I have only a little drink. She ate a little bread and went out. (a little 直接加名词)

而下文:I have only a bit of drink. She ate a bit of bread. (a bit先加of,再跟名词)

81.“擅长”与“不擅长”: “对…有利”与“对…有害”:

“擅长”:be good at / do well in He is good at math. = He does well in math.

“不擅长”:be bad in / be poor in / be weak in / do badly in

“对…有利”:be good for “对…有害”:be bad for

82. 表数量的词与短语的部门用法:1none / all / some / most / more / plenty of / a lot of (lots of) / 后既可接可数名词复数,也可接不行数名词。 2many / (a) few / a number of / several只接可数名词复数。 3much / (a) little / a bit of只接不行数名词。

83.易用错的副词:1really可修饰动词、副词和形容词,常在它们前面。

I really love reading. I really miss you. (修饰动词)

Tom speaks really quickly. 汤姆说得很是快。(修饰副词)

It’s really kind of you. 你真好。 (修饰形容词)

2very much常修饰动词want, miss, hate, love, like, dislike, enjoy, take after(长得像…), move(使…打动), excite(使…感动)等等。常在句尾。

Jack wants to go there very much. 杰克很想去那儿。

I hate reciting the words very much. 我很讨厌背单词。

He enjoyed the film very much. 他很喜欢这部影戏。

He takes after his mother very much. 他长得很像他妈妈。

(very much 不行修饰形容词和副词:I’m happy very much.是错误的。)

3very修饰形容词和副词,放在它们前面:

She is very kind. I am very happy. Peter speaks very slowly.

(very不行修饰动词:I very like English. He very misses you.等雷同布局都是错误的。)

84.常用于此刻完成时的词或短语:for(后加时间段,句中谓语用延续性动词);

since(后加时间点或一般已往时的句子,主句谓语用延续性动词);

How long(对时间段或for与since引导的内容提问,句中谓语也用延续性动词)

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