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2015中考英语高频常识点总结及详解

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摘要:北京2015年中考英语即将开考,佳构进修网中考频道为考生宣布 2015中考英语高频常识点总结及详解 ,敬请存眷。 1.stop to do sth. 和stop doing sth. stop to do sth。 暗示遏制做其它工作而去做

北京2015中考英语即将开考,佳构进修网中考频道为考生宣布2015中考英语高频常识点总结详解,敬请存眷。

1.stop to do sth. 和stop doing sth.

“stop to do sth。” 暗示遏制做其它工作而去做“to do sth。”所暗示的工作,可以将“to do sth。”领略成“stop”的目标状语;“stop doing sth。”暗示不做“doing sth。”所暗示的工作。

譬喻: “Stop talking. Let’s begin our class。” said the teacher. 老师说:“别措辞了,让我们开始上课。”

We have kept doing our homework for a long time. Let’s stop to listen to music. 我们做家庭功课很长时间了,让我们停下来听听音乐。

2.forget to do sth。和forget doing sth. (remember to do sth. 和remember doing sth。)

“forget to do sth。”暗示未来不要健忘做某事,谈的是将来的工作;“forget doing sth。”暗示健忘已往应该做的工作。

譬喻: “Don’t forget to do your homework。” said the teacher before the class was over.

老师在下课前说:“不要健忘做家庭功课。”

“I’m sorry. I forgot doing my homework. May I hand it in this afternoon, Mr. Chen?” said Li Ming.

李明说:“对不起,我健忘做家庭功课了。我本日下午交好吗,陈老师?”

3.have sth. done。(已往分词)(让别人)做某事

譬喻:I had my hair cut yesterday afternoon. 我昨天下午理了发。

My computer can not work now. I must have it repaired. 我的电脑有妨碍了,我必需让人修好它。

4. 感官动词后接不带to的不定式可能此刻分词的区别

譬喻:see sb. do sth。瞥见或人(常常)做某事 和see sb. doing sth。瞥见或人(正在)做某事

I often see him do exercise in the morning. 我常常在早晨瞥见他熬炼身体。

When I was walking in the park, I saw him drawing a picture there. 当我在公园散步的时候,我瞥见他正在哪里画画。

5. 在主动语态中,感官动词(see, hear, feel, watch等)和使役动词(make, have, let等)要求接不带to的不定式做宾语补足语,而在被动语态里,不定式要带上to。

譬喻:The boss often made the workers work 10 hours a day.

The workers were made to work 10 hours a day.

She was heard to use strong language. 传闻她骂人了。

6.常用的几个和不定式有关的句型:

Why not do sth? 为什么不做某事?

It takes/took sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花了或人多长时间。

It is/was +形容词+(for sb。) +to do sth. 做某事(对或人来说)怎么样。

7. 介词后头一般接动名词。同学们要出格留意介词to和不定式标记to的区别,譬喻下面的词组必然要记清:

prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢做……不喜欢做……

look forward to doing sth. 等候/渴望做某事

make a contribution to doing sth. 为……做出孝敬

8. 此刻分词和已往分词做定语的区别

A. 此刻分词含有正在举办的意思,而已往分词含有被动可能已经完成的意思,如:

a developing country 成长中国度 a developed country 发家国度

boiling water 正在沸腾的水(一般环境下水温为100℃) boiled water 开水(已经烧开的水,水温可以依然很高,也可以是凉白开)

a boy named Jim 一个叫Jim的男孩

B. 有些动词的此刻分词和已往分词都具有形容词特征,可是它们的意思有区别。它们的-ing形式往往用来说明事物的特征;他们的-ed形式暗示被动的意思,用来说明人的环境。

I am interested in this interesting story. 我对这个有趣的故事感乐趣。

I am moved at the moving sight. 我被这感人的情景打动了。

They were amazed at the amazing facts. 他们对那些令人惊异的事实感想诧异。

下面是一些常见的牢靠表达,请同学们紧记:

和to do 连用的牢靠搭配

ask sb. to do sth. 请求或人做某事

be pleased /be glad to do sth。很兴奋做某事

can't wait to do sth. 火烧眉毛地做某事

can't afford to do sth. 不能担负起干某事

decide to do sth. 抉择做某事

do/try one's best to do sth。尽全力做某事

do nothing to do sth. 对……无能为力

deserve to do sth. 值得干某事

形容词/副词+enough to do sth. 足以做某事

encourage sb. to do sth. 勉励或人做某事

find + it + 形容词 +to do sth. 发明做某事……

get ready to do sth. 筹备做某事

go on to do sth. 继承做某事

hope to do sth. 但愿做某事

improve sth. to do sth. 改进/提高某物来干某事

invite sb. to do sth. 邀请或人干某事

It's better to do sth. 干某事较量好

It's time to do sth. 到该做某事的时间了。

like to do sth. 喜欢做某事……

like sb. to do sth. 喜欢或人做某事

love to do sth. 爱做某事

learn to do sth. 学会做某事

make one's mind to do sth. 下刻意做某事

make a list of five ways to do sth. 列出干某事的五种方法的清单

need to do sth. 需要做某事

plan to do sth. 打算干某事

prefer to do sth.+ rather than do sth. 喜欢……不喜欢……

refuse to do sth. 拒绝干某事

remember to do 记得要去做某事

The best time to do sth. is… 干某事的最佳时间是……

stop to do sth. 停下往复做另一件事

start/begin to do sth. 开始做某事

seem to do sth. 好像要做某事

set one's mind to do sth. 一心要做某事

tell sb. to do sth. 汇报或人做某事

too…to do sth. 太……乃至于不能……

try to do sth. 尽力/试着去做……

think it nessary for sb. to do sth. 认为或人有须要干某事

There's no time to do sth. 没时间做某事

teach sb. (how) to do sth. 教或人干某事

used to do sth. 已往经常干某事 wish sb. to do sth. 但愿或人做某事

would love to do sth. 很愿意做某事

would like (sb。) to do sth. 想让或人做某事

want to do sth. 想做某事

和doing 连用的牢靠搭配

watch sb. doing sth. 寓目或人正在做……

stop doing sth. 遏制做某事

remember doing sth. 记得已做过某事

try doing sth. 尽力/试着去做……

like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

forget doing sth. 健忘已做过某事

go on doing sth. 继承做某事

be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

be worth doing sth. 某事值得一做

carry on doing sth. 继承做某事

couldn't help doing sth. 忍不住做某事

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