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成考专升本2013年英语温习向导资料(六)

来源:公共学习网   时间:2018-11-10

如安在这几个月的时间里顺利温习英语课程,作为护考,小编将和各人一起备考。以下是成考专升本2013年英语温习向导资料(六)供考生参考,预祝考生取得优异后果。

形容词与副词(4-1~5-2)

纲要要求:

形容词与副词把握较量级的组成及其用法。

一、形容词在句子中的浸染

1、形容词在句子中可以作定语、表语、宾语补足语。

A good boy must behave himself. 好孩子该当行为端正。(定语)

I like this red dress very much.(定语)

She is beautiful. (表语)

The patient is asleep. (表语)

Who has got the window open? (宾语补足语)

Ive got everything ready for the class. (宾语补足语)

I said it would happen, and sure enough it did happen.(独立品分)

2、大大都形容词既可作定语又可作表语,但有少数形容词只能作表语。

This is a red dress. The dress is red.

alike, afraid, alone, asleep, awake, aware, alive, ashamed, unable, content.

二、副词在句子中的浸染

副词在句子中主要作状语,可以修饰动词、形容词、副词,有时修饰整个句子。

Unfortunately, he wasnt at home when I came. (修饰整个句子)

Luckily, she wasnt injured in the accident.(修饰整个句子)

Her pronunciation is very good.(修饰形容词)

I have been extremely busy these days.(修饰形容词)

I can hardly agree with you.(修饰动词)

He works terribly (quite) hard. (修饰副词)

三、形容词和副词较量级和第一流的组成

1.单音节词和少数双音节词(如以y末了的)在词尾加-er , -est.

如:small, smaller, smallest; great, greater, greatest; clever, cleverer, cleverest; quiet, quieter, quietest ; common, commoner, commonest; narrow, narrower, narrowest.

2、以e末了的词加-r , -st .

如:larger, larger , largest ; simple, simpler , simplest ; polite, politer , politest; brave, braver, bravest; fine, finer, finest.

3、以“辅音字母+y”末了的词,变y为i 再加-er , -est .如:busy,busier, busiest; heavy,heavier, heaviest; happy,happier, happiest.

4、以一个辅音字母末了的词,双写该辅音字母,再加-er, -est .(一个辅音字母末了;重读闭音节)

如:big,bigger, biggest; thin,thinner, thinnest; hot,hotter, hottest.

双音节词,多音节词较量级和第一流在词前加more, most.

如:difficult, more difficult, most difficult, interesting, more interesting, most interesting; useful, more useful, most useful.

非凡的较量级和第一流

四、形容词和副词较量级的用法

1、较量级常与than引导的状语从句连用,暗示与什么对比。

This room is bigger than any other one in the hotel.

为了制止反复,从句常用一些代词。

较量必需是两个沟通的身分。

Everyday he arrives earlier than anyone else in the company.

Small oranges are usually sweeter than big ones.

It is better to be prepared than unprepared.

This is easier said than done.

She is taller than I(me)。

I meet with more difficulties than she does.

The girls in my class are more active than those in his class.

1、有than 就要思量较量级。

2、较量的身分要完全一致。

2、“较量级+and+较量级”,暗示“越来越…”。

My father walked faster and faster until I could no longer keep up with him .

keep up with \跟上,遇上

no longer=not any longer

My father walked faster and faster until I couldnt keep up with him any longer. (not 用来否认动词)

Our country is getting stronger and stronger.

Things are getting better and better every day.

Im getting more and more interested in arts.

get interested in 对……感乐趣

3.“the +较量级…,the+较量级”,暗示“越是…就越…”。

The more haste, the less speed. 欲速则不达。

The harder she works, the more progress she makes.

make progress 取得进步

The more I study it, the more I like it.

Actually, the busier he is, the happier he feels.

The more preparation you do now, the less nervous youll be before the exam.

The sooner you start, the faster youll be finished.

五、形容词和副词第一流的用法

第一流的前面凡是要加定冠词,副词第一流前面的定冠词可以省略。第一流在利用时凡是有一个短语或从句暗示较量的范畴。

Of all the places Ive visited, I like Hangzhou best.

This is the worst movie Ive ever seen.

Beijing is one of the largest cities in the world.

For me, Tuesday is one of the busiest day in the week.

Among all the students, he runs (the) fastest.

较量级前面有时也加the ,暗示两者之间“较…的一个”。

Both of the two girls are beautiful, but I think the tall one is more beautiful of the two.

The five-year-old boy chose the more expensive of the two toys.

六、“as+原级+as”,“not as / so +原级+as”

“as+原级+as”,暗示“和…一样…”, “not as / so +原级+as”暗示“不及…”。

He is as good a swimmer as any of us.

留意 good 的位置

Hes as tall as I.

It is not as hot in Beijing as in Wuhan.

He does not smoke so heavily as his father.

French is just as difficult a language as English.

She is as good a cook as her mother.

I have never seen so beautiful a place as Hangzhou.

never 否认寄义

雷同的尚有:hardly, little, few

“as+原级+as one can”和“as +原级+as possible”暗示“尽大概地…”。

Come as soon as possible.

There is nothing we can do but wait as calmly as we can.

there is nothing…but… , but后必然跟动词原形

“as+原级+as”可以用来暗示倍数。

My new coat cost me four times as much as the old one.

先说倍数,然后在as+原级+as

cost 耗费,主语是物。spend, 主语是人。

It takes sb. some time to do sth.

spend in doing sth.

spend on sth.

This room is twice as large as that one.

This room is twice larger than that one.

七、较量级、第一流和“as+原级+as”前面都可以有暗示水平的状语。

The sun is much bigger than the earth.

错误:The sun is more bigger than the earth.

She is by far the cleverest girl in our class.

by far 到今朝为止

Its becoming the third largest city in the country.

They have many more chemistry books than we.

There is much more water in this jar than that one.

They will come back a little earlier.

This time she ran a good deal faster.

Tom is six centimeters taller than John.

Of all the workers in the factory, Alice is by far the most skilled.

重点把握:

1、只能作表语的形容词。

2、非凡形容词、副词的较量级和第一流。

3、较量级多用than,个体环境下用 of the two.较量时,前后身分必然一致。

4、the +较量级…,the+较量级

5、as+原级+as , not as / so +原级+as

6、“as+原级+as”可以用来暗示倍数。

He is almost as tall as his brother.

My father isnt as old as he looks.

This word is used less frequently in British English than in American English.

Spanish people usually speak more quickly than English people.

Winter is drawing near. Its getting colder and colder.

The more you practise writing, the better you will do it.

The more work we give our brains, the more work it is able to do.

成考专升本2013年英语温习向导资料(六)到这里就先容竣事了,感激您对公共学习网,一如既往的支持。

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