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成考专升本2013年英语温习向导资料(七)

来源:公共学习网   时间:2018-11-10

如安在这几个月的时间里顺利温习英语课程,作为护考,小编将和各人一起备考。以下是成考专升本2013年英语温习向导资料(七)供考生参考,预祝考生取得优异后果。

介 词(05-2~06-3)

测验纲要要求:

1、常用介词及其词义;

2、介词与某些动词、形容词、名词的牢靠搭配;

3、介词短语及其用法。

介词在句子中不能独立充当一个身分,往往和后头的宾语配合组成句子的身分。介词与名词、形容词、动词有着牢靠的搭配。

常用介词用法:

1. across(穿过)

My mother lives across the street.

I came across him yesterday. (come across偶尔碰着)

The post office is just across the street.

2. after(在……之后)

The children went to bed after saying good night to their parents.

Who will look after your baby while youre away?

(look after 照看,顾问,take care of)

The girl is named after her mother.

(name after 以……定名)

Rewrite the sentences after the model. (仿照,模拟)

3. against(阻挡)

What you are doing is against the rule.

We are against the proposal. (be against 阻挡)

Nobody has got anything against you.

4. along(沿着)

They walked along Nanjing Road.

There is a cinema along the street.

Im getting along/ on well with my classmates.

5. around(环绕)

We all drew up closely around him.

The guide showed us around the city.

(show sb. around 领或人旅行)

6. at(在……)

Lets meet at the station.

She was at a conference.

The committee is to meet at the weekend.

He joined up at eighteen.(join up 参军)

What are you laughing at? (laugh at 讥笑)

Lets have a look at the picture. (have a look at 看一看)

My mother was surprised at the news.(be surprised at 受惊)

He is good at mathematics.(be good at 擅长)

He is good at drawing.

7. before(在……之前)

Dont put the cart before the horse. 不要舍本逐末。

Pride comes before a fall. 自满就会摔跤。

Before starting the work, we had a discussion.

Before long, the war broke out. (break out 发作)

I bought the book the day before yesterday.

8. besides (除…之外还)

There are six students in the classroom besides me.

Besides fun and good exercise, swimming is a very useful skill.

9. between(在……之间)

Come between ten and eleven oclock.

They dont know the difference between wheat and oats.

(among 用于三者或三者以上)

Whats the difference between them?

10. beyond(在……之外)

The lake is beyond that mountain.

Dont go beyond the city boundary. (go beyond 高出)

Its expensive and beyond our reach.

The city is beyond recognition. (beyond recognition 涣然一新)

The problem is too difficult. Its beyond me.

This is inevitable and beyond all doubts. 这是一定的,毫无疑义的。

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